We all love having a dedicated shed for maintenance. Especially if this means a roof overhead for when it rains, bright lights, and if you are really lucky a bike lift to stop your Quasimodo impressions.
This isn't available to every guy with a bike and tools. And sometimes it just suits to do some maintenance in your driveway or on the street.
So here is team Carbonised demonstrating the 'no mess' oil change which won't have your wife \ girlfriend \ neighbor pointing at the drop spots. Guaranteed. Almost.
Start with assembling the attached. And before you write in, yep, a dedicated oil change tray is great. Not everyone has one, so here is an alternative.
On the left is an old oil container. Cut a square on the front face with your shop knife for the oil from your bike's sump to drain into. The bigger the cut out the easier it is to eliminate spillage - the counter argument is that it makes it harder to drain at the end of the process. The example above would have been better with a 10cm lip at the base (not 3cm). After a few attempts you will find what suits best.
Next, start your bike and warm the motor to operating temperature. This allows the oil to thin and drain effectively.
Next step, locate your sump drain plug (will be under the motor, forward of the side stand, and quite large, 18 mm is not uncommon). If it is covered in residual oil and dirt clean it first with a rag.
And the oil filter. They are mounted on the front of the motor, under the headers. Well, 95% of the time.
Prepare the area where you intend drop your oil. Note our home made oil capture tray (under the drain plug) and the pizza box positioned under the oil filter.
Remove the drain plug with a ratchet and socket. If you didn't clean the drain plug bolt head earlier this is where you will regret it...
You only need break the seal with the ratchet, after a few turns remove by hand. This is important to achieve the no spillage guarantee.
Remember - the oil will be hot. When you get near the end of the thread the bolt will exhibit some play (i.e. rock side to side a little), that is your warning hot fluid is about to appear.
Swap your drain plug socket for your oil filter socket and unscrew.
If you don't have an oil filter socket you can use a universal band type like the below, or just unscrew by hand (we can't but some guys assure us they can).
This is why you need to change your own oil - the Yam filter on the right was on this ZX9. The owner of this ride is a one eyed Kawasaki man, he nearly spat out his coffee.
Jokes aside, this is why you need change filters regularly. Note the residue contained within the internal baffles on the used filter (RHS).
Smear a dab of grease on the O-ring to aid installation and create an oil tight seal. Don't forget this step! In a pinch you can substitute oil but grease is better.
Spin the filter on by hand until firm.
Then use the oil filter socket and your torque wrench. For this model (ZX9R C2) the factory spec is 27Nm.
Give the drain plug a quick clean then install by hand, followed by torquing to 20Nm.
Fill with your chosen oil. In this case we are using a synthetic reinforced mineral oil. We run reinforced oil in 90's bikes, full mineral for anything earlier. Most brands have a transparent sighting strip on the funnel side of the oil container. Use this to measure out approximately the right amount (in this case 3.3l) and then use the oil sight glass or dipstick (whatever method your manufacturer has provided) to fine tune the top up.
Don't overfill or you will have to drain the excess from the sump.
Now for the no-mess clean up. Pour the old oil into the empty fruit juice containers (3 to 3.5l is common and so fits easily into 2 plastic bottles). The old oil needs to go to a recycle station, team Carbonised have one at the local council recycle facility. These travel cleanly and the old oil bottle can be re-used.
Start the motor and bring up to operating temperature. Check for leaks at the oil filter and drain plug. Go for a short ride and then recheck your oil level. This can drop a little as the oil filter and galleries fill with oil. Top up if required.